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PINAY by Florante De Leon

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Q: What is the title of a Filipino folksong with a phrase bakit kaba mangingibang bayan bakit ba iiwanan ang lupang tinubuan dito ka natoto ng iyong mga kalokohan?
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What is the theme of lupang tinubuan?

Kwento nyo sa Pagong. :D


Summary of the short story lupang tinubuan by narciso g Reyes?

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Lyrics of candelaria hymn?

lalawigan,lalawigan ng quezon ang bayan kong sinilangan ay tunay kong minamahal ang bayan kong tinubuan ay tunay kong minamahal


Himno ng sangay ng lungsod quezon?

lalawigan , lalawigan ng Quezon ang bayan kong sinilangan ay tunay kong minamahal ang bayan kong tinubuan dapat nating ikarangal tahimik at maligaya mahirap man o dukha sagana sa lahat ng bagay sa dagat at kabundukan ito ang aming lalawigan pinagpala ng maykapal ang buhay ay mapayapa sa lahat ng dako sa lahat ng nayon lalawigan ng Quezon lalawigan ng Quezon ay aming tinatanghal lalawigan ng Quezon ay aming minamahal


Can you give me a short tagalog declamation piece?

Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa Andres Bonifacio Aling pag-ibig pa ang hihigit kaya sa pagkadalisay at pagkadakila Gaya ng pag-ibig sa sariling lupa? Aling pag-ibig pa? Wala na nga, wala. Pagpupuring lubos ang palaging hangad Sa bayan ng taong may dangal na ingat, Umawit, tumula, kumata't at sumulat, Kalakhan din niya'y isinisiwalat. Walang mahalagang Hindi inihandog Ng may pusong mahal sa Bayang nagkupkop, dugo, yaman, dunong, katiisa't pagod, Buhay ma'y abuting magkalagut-lagot. Bakit? Alin ito na sakdal ng laki, Na hinahandugan ng busong pagkasi, Na sa lalong mahal nakapangyayari, At ginugulan ng buhay na iwi? Ay! Ito'y ang iNang bayang tinubuan: Siya'y ina't tangi sa kinamulatan Ng kawili-wiling liwanang ng araw Na nagbigay-init sa buong katawan. Kalakip din nito'y pag-ibig sa Bayan, Ang lahat ng lalong sa gunita'y mahal, Mula sa masaya'y gasong kasanggulan Hanggang sa katawa'y mapasa-libingan. Sa aba ng abang mawalay sa bayan! Gunita ma'y laging sakbibi ng lumbay, Walang alaala't inaasa-asam Kundi ang makita'y lupang tinubuan. Pati ng magdusa'y sampung kamatayan Wari ay masarap kung dahil sa bayan At lalong mahirap. Oh, himalang bagay! Lalong pag-irog pa ang sa kanya'y alay. Kung ang bayang ito'y masasa-panganib At siya ay dapat na ipagtangkilik, Ang anak, asawa, magulang, kapatid; Isang tawag niya'y tatalidang pilit. Hayo na nga, hayo, kayong nagabuhay Sa pag-asang lubos ng kaginhawahan At walang tinamo kundi kapaitan, Hayo na't ibangon ang naabang bayan! Kayong nalagasan ng bunga't bulaklak Ng kaho'y ng buhay na nilanta't sukat, Ng bala-balaki't makapal na hirap, muling manariaw't sa baya'y lumiyag. Ipahandug-handog ang busong pag-ibig At hanggang may dugo'y ubusing itigis; kung sa pagtatanggol, buhay ay mapatid, Ito'y kapalaran at tunay na langit!


Tagalog short declamation?

Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa Andres Bonifacio Aling pag-ibig pa ang hihigit kaya sa pagkadalisay at pagkadakila Gaya ng pag-ibig sa sariling lupa? Aling pag-ibig pa? Wala na nga, wala. Pagpupuring lubos ang palaging hangad Sa bayan ng taong may dangal na ingat, Umawit, tumula, kumata't at sumulat, Kalakhan din niya'y isinisiwalat. Walang mahalagang Hindi inihandog Ng may pusong mahal sa Bayang nagkupkop, dugo, yaman, dunong, katiisa't pagod, Buhay ma'y abuting magkalagut-lagot. Bakit? Alin ito na sakdal ng laki, Na hinahandugan ng busong pagkasi, Na sa lalong mahal nakapangyayari, At ginugulan ng buhay na iwi? Ay! Ito'y ang iNang bayang tinubuan: Siya'y ina't tangi sa kinamulatan Ng kawili-wiling liwanang ng araw Na nagbigay-init sa buong katawan. Kalakip din nito'y pag-ibig sa Bayan, Ang lahat ng lalong sa gunita'y mahal, Mula sa masaya'y gasong kasanggulan Hanggang sa katawa'y mapasa-libingan. Sa aba ng abang mawalay sa bayan! Gunita ma'y laging sakbibi ng lumbay, Walang alaala't inaasa-asam Kundi ang makita'y lupang tinubuan. Pati ng magdusa'y sampung kamatayan Wari ay masarap kung dahil sa bayan At lalong mahirap. Oh, himalang bagay! Lalong pag-irog pa ang sa kanya'y alay. Kung ang bayang ito'y masasa-panganib At siya ay dapat na ipagtangkilik, Ang anak, asawa, magulang, kapatid; Isang tawag niya'y tatalidang pilit. Hayo na nga, hayo, kayong nagabuhay Sa pag-asang lubos ng kaginhawahan At walang tinamo kundi kapaitan, Hayo na't ibangon ang naabang bayan! Kayong nalagasan ng bunga't bulaklak Ng kaho'y ng buhay na nilanta't sukat, Ng bala-balaki't makapal na hirap, muling manariaw't sa baya'y lumiyag. Ipahandug-handog ang busong pag-ibig At hanggang may dugo'y ubusing itigis; kung sa pagtatanggol, buhay ay mapatid, Ito'y kapalaran at tunay na langit! here


What are the literature in the period of enlightenment?

1. o The Period of Enlightenment (1872-1898) o 2. o Historical Background o After 300 years of passivity under Spanish rule, the Filipino spirit reawakened when the 3 priests Gomez, Burgos and Zamora were guillotined without sufficient evidence of guilt. This occurred on the 17 th of February. This was buttressed with the spirit of liberalism when the Philippines opened its doors to world trade and with the coming of a liberal leader in the person of Governor Carlos Maria de la Torre. o The Spaniards were unable to suppress the tide of rebellion among the Filipinos. 3. o The once religious spirit transformed itself into one of nationalism and the Filipinos demanded changes in the government and in the church. o A. The Propaganda Movement (1872-1896) o This movement was spearheaded mostly by the intellectual middle-class like Jose Rizal, Marcelo del Pilar; Graciano Lopez Jaena, Antonio Luna, Mariano Ponce, Jose Ma. Panganiban, and Pedro Paterno. The objectives of this movement were to seek reforms and changes like the following: 4. 1. To get equal treatment for the Filipinos and the Spaniards under the law. 2. To make the Philippines a colony of Spain. 3. To restore Filipino representation in the Spanish Cortes. 4. To Filipinize the parishes. 5. To give the Filipinos freedom of speech, of the press, assembly and for redress of grievances. 5. o B. Highlights of the Propaganda Movement o o There were three principal leaders of the Propaganda movement. They were Jose P. Rizal, Marcelo H. del Pilar and Graciano Lopez Jaena. Here are highlights about them and what they have done for our country. o o DR. JOSE P. RIZAL o o Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado Alonzo y Realonda was born on June 19, 1861 at Calamba, Laguna. His first teacher was his mother Teodora Alonozo. He studied at the Ateneo de Manila, started medicine at UST and finished at the Universidad Central of Madrid. He also studied at the University of Berlin, Leipzig and Heidelberg. 6. He died by musketry in the hands of the Spaniards on December 30, 1896 on charges of sedition and rebellion against the Spaniards. His pen-name was Laong Laan and Dimasalang. His books and writings: 1. NOLI ME TANGERE. This was the novel that gave spirit to the propaganda movement and paved the way to the revolution against Spain. In this book, he courageously exposed the evils in the Spanish-run government in the Philippines. 7. The Spaniards prohibited the reading of this novel but a lot of translations were able to enter stealthily in the country even if it means death to those caught in possession of them. The NOLI gave Philippine literature the immortal characters Maria Clara, Juan Crisostomo Ibarra, Elias, Sisa, Pilosofong Tasio, Doña Victorina, Kapitana Maria, Basilio and Crispin, Rizal had a powerful pen in the delineation of these characters. 2. EL FILIBUSTERISMO. This is a sequel to the NOLI. 8. o While the NOLI exposed the evils in society, the FILI exposed those in the government and in the church. However, the NOLI has been dubbed the novel of society while that of FILI is that of politics. o 3. MI ULTIMO ADIOS (My Last Farewell). This was a poem by Rizal while he was incarcerated at Fort Santiago and is one that can compare favorably with the best in the world. It was only after his death when his name was affixed to the poem. 9. 4. SOBRE LA INDOLENCIA DE LOS FILIPINOS (On the Indolence of the Filipinos). An essay on the so-called Filipino indolence and an evaluation of the reasons for such allegations. 5. FILIPINAS DENTRO DE CIEN AÑOS (The Philippines within a Century). An essay predicting the increasing influence of the US in the Philippines and the decreasing interest of Europe here. Rizal predicted that if there is any other colonizer of the Philippines in the future, it would be the US. 6. A LA JUVENTUD FILIPINA (To the Filipino Youth). A poem Rizal dedicated to the Filipino youth studying at UST. 10. o 7. EL CONSEJO DE LES DIOSES (The Council of the Gods). An allegorical play manifesting admiration for Cervantes. o 8. JUNTO AL PASIG (Beside the Pasig River). Written by Rizal when he was 14 years of age. o 9. ME PIDEN VERSOS (You asked Me for Verses); 1882 and A LAS FLORES DE HEIDELBERG (To the Flowers of Heidelberg). Two poems manifesting Rizal's unusual depth of emotion. o 10. NOTAS A LA OBRA SUCESOS DE LAS FILIPINAS FOR EL DR. ANTONIO DE MORGA (Notes on Philippine Events by Dr. Antonio de Morga): 1889 11. 11. P. JACINTO: MEMORIAS DE UN ESTUDIANTE DE MANILA (P. Jacinto: Memoirs of a Student of Manila) 1882 12. DIARIO DE VIAJE DE NORTE AMERICA (Diary of a Voyage to North America) MARCELO H. DEL PILAR Marcelo H. del Pilar is popularly known for his pen name of Plaridel, Pupdoh, Piping Dilat and Dolores Manapat. He was born at Cupang, San Nicolas, Bulacan on August 30, 1850. 12. His parents were Julian H. del Pilar, noted Filipino writer and Biasa Gatmaita. His brother was the priest Fr. Toribio del Pilar who was banished to Marianas in 1872. Because there were many children in the family, Marcelo gave up his share of his inheritance for his other brothers and sisters. Marcelo started schooling at the school of Mr. Flores and then transferred to that of San Jose before UST. His last year in law school was interrupted for 8 years after he had quarrel with the parish priest during a baptism at San Miguel, Manila in 1880. 13. o He established the Diariong Tagalog in 1883 where he exposed the evils of the Spanish government in the Philippines and in order to avoid the false accusations hurried at him by the priests. To avoid banishment, he was forced to travel to Spain in 1888. o He was assisted by Fr. Serrano Laktaw in publishing a different Cathecism and Passion Book wherein they made fun of the priests. They also made the DASALAN AT TOCSOHAN and KAIINGAT KAYO taken from the word IGAT, a kind of snake fish caught in politics. o 14. Upon his arrival in Spain, he replaced Graciano Lopez Jaena as editor of LA SOLIDARIDAD, a paper which became the vehicle thru which reforms in the government could be worked out. This did not last long for he got sick and even to reach Hong Kong from where he could arouse his countrymen. He died of tuberculosis in Spain but before he died, he asked his companions to tell his wife and children that he was sorry he wasn't able to bid them goodbye; to tell others about the fate of our countrymen and to continue helping the country. 15. o Plaridel has truly earned a niche in the history of our nation. Even today, countless streets have been named after him. The former Kingwa has been named Plaridel, the Malolos High School is now Marcelo H. del Pilar High School and above all, his patriotism and bravery will remain alive in our memories. o Writings of Marcelo H. del Pilar o o 1. PAGIBIG SA TINUBUANG LUPA (Love of Country). Translated from the Spanish AMOR PATRIA of Rizal, published on August 20, 1882, in Diariong Tagalog. o 16. 2. KAIINGAT KAYO (Be Careful). A humorous and sarcastic dig in answer to Fr. Jose Rodriquez in the novel NOLI of Rizal, published in Barcelona in 1888. He used Dolores Manapat as pen-name here. 3. DASALAN AT TOCSOHAN (Prayers and Jokes). Similar to a cathecism but sarcastically done agains the parish priests, published in Barcelona in 1888. Because of this, del Pilar was called "filibuster." Done in admirable tone of supplication and excellent use of Tagalog. 4. ANG CADAQUILAAN NG DIOS (God's Goodness). Published in Barcelona, it was also like a cathecism sarcastically aimed against the parish priests but also contains a philosophy of the power and intelligence of God and an appreciation for and love for nature. 17. o 5. SAGOT SA ESPANYA SA HIBIK NG PILIPINAS (Answer to Spain on the Plea of the Filipinos). A poem pleading for change from Spain but that Spain is already old and weak to grant any aid to the Philippines. This poem is in answer to that of Hermenigildo Flores' Hibik sa Pilipinas (A Plea from the Philippines). o 6. DUPLUHAN…DALIT…MGA BUGTONG (A poetical contest in narrative sequence, psalms, riddles). A compilation of poems on the oppression by the priests in the Philippines. 18. 7. LA SOBERANIA EN PILIPINAS (Sovereignty in the Philippines). This shows the injustices of the friars to the Pilipinos. 8. POR TELEFONO (By Telephone) 9. PASIONG DAPAT IPAG-ALAB NG PUSO NG TAONG BABASA (Passion that should arouse the hearts of the readers) GRACIANO LOPEZ JAENA (1856-1896) A most notable hero and genius of the Philippines, Graciano Lopez Jaena was born on December 18, 1856 and died on January 20, 1896. 19. o The pride of Jaro, Iloilo, he won the admiration of the Spaniards and Europeans. He is a known writer and orator in the Philippines. He wrote 100 speeches which were published by Remigio Garcia, former bookstore owner in Manila Filatica and which are still read up to no by modern Filipinos. o o Lopez Jaena left the Philippines in 1887 with the help of Don Claudio Lopez, a rich uncle, in order to escape punishment form his enemies and arrived at Valencia, the center of the Republican movement of the Spaniards. He gained the acquaintance of the high officials like Piy Margall, Morayta, Moret, Castelar, and Salmeron. 20. From Valencia, he moved to Barcelona where he established the first magazine LA SOLIDARIDAD. This later became the official voice of the Association Hispano de Filipinas (a Filipino-Spanish Association) composed of Filipinos and Spaniards who worked for reforms in the Philippines. Because of this, Jaena successfully showed the Spaniards and the people of the world how a newspaperman can introduce changes in law and reforms towards a better life and progress. Jaena, although he didn't become a professor, was also a teacher in a sense to his friends and relatives in the Philippines. 21. o Like Antonio Maria Regidor, Tomas G. del Rosario and Felipe Calderon, he stood for the separation of church and state for free education, better government and schools, freedom of worship and for an independent and free university. o o He sided with Rizal in the controversy between Rizal and del Pilar over who should head the Association Hispano de Filipinas in Madrid. He returned to the Philippines to ask for donations to continue a new government called El Latigo Nacional or Pambansang Latigo. He sold the rights of La Solidaridad ot del Pilar who had become a lawyer and had brought in money from his sojourn in Spain. 22. Graciano Lopez Jaena died in a charity hospital in Barcelona on January 20, 1896, eleven months before his best friend Rizal was shot at the Luneta on December 30, 1896. A. The Works of Graciano Lopez Jaena 1. ANG FRAY BOTOD (Friar Botod). One of his works written in Jaro, Iloilo in 1876, six years after the Cavite Revolt attacking the friars in the Philippines. He exposed how some of the friars were greedy, ambitious and immoral. 23. o 2. LA HIJA DEL FRAILE (The Child of the Friar) and EVERYTING IS HAMBUG (Everything is mere show). Here Jaena explains the tragedy of marrying a Spaniard. o o 3. SA MGA PILIPINO...1891… A speech which aimed to improve the condition of the Filipinos to become free and progressive. o 4. TALUMPATING PAGUNITA KAY KOLUMBUS (An Oration to Commemorate Columbus). A speech he delivered in Madrid on the 39 th anniversary of the discovery of America 24. 5. EN HONOR DEL PRESIDENTE MORAYTA DE LA ASSOCIACION HISPANO FILIPINO 1884. Here he praised Gen. Morayta for his equal treatment of the Filipinos. 6. EN HONOR DE LOS ARTISTAS LUNA Y RESURRECCION HIDALGO. A sincere expression of praise for the paintings of Hidalgo on the condition of the Filipinos under the Spaniards. 7. AMOR A ESPAÑA O A LAS JOVENES DE MALOLOS (Love for Spain or To the Youth of Malolos). The theme is about how girls were taught Spanish in schools and whose teachers were the governors-general of the place. 25. 8. EL BANDOLERISMO EN PILIPINAS (Banditry in the Philippines). Jaena refuted the existence of banditry in the Philippines and of how there should be laws on robbery and other reforms. 9. HONOR EN PILIPINAS (Honor in the Philippines). The triumphant exposition of Luna, Resurrecion and Pardo de Tavera of the thesis that intellect or knowledge gives honor to the Philippines. 10. PAG-ALIS SA BUWIS SA PILIPINAS (Abolition of Taxes in the Philippines) 11. INSTITUCION NG PILIPINAS (Sufferings of the Philippines). Jaena refers here to the wrong management of education in the Philippines 1887. 26. B. OTHER PROPAGANDISTS ANTONIO LUNA Antonio Luna was a pharmacist who was banished by the Spaniards to Spain. He joined the Propaganda Movement and contributed his writings to LA SOLIDARIDAD. Most of his works dealt with Filipino customs and others were accusations about how the Spaniards ran the government. His pen name was Tagailog. He died at the age of 33 in June 1899. He was put to death by the soldiers of Aguinaldo because of his instant rise to fame which became a threat to Aguinaldo. 27. o Some of his works are: o o 1. NOCHE BUENA (Christmas Eve). It pictured true Filipino life. o o 2. SE DEVIERTEN (How They Diverted Themselves). A dig at a dance of the Spaniards where the people were very crowded. o 3. LA TERTULIA FILIPINA (A Filipino Conference or Feast). Depicts a Filipino custom which he believed was much better than the Spanish. o 28. 4. POR MADRID (For Madrid). A denouncement of Spaniards who claim that the Philippines is a colony of Spain but who think of Filipinos as foreigners when it comes to collecting taxes for stamps. 5. LA CASA DE HUEPEDES (The Landlady's House). Depicts a landlady who looks for boarders not for money but in order to get a husband for her child. MARIANO PONCE Mariano Ponce became an editor-in-chief, biographer and researcher of the Propaganda Movement. He used Tikbalang, Kalipulako, and Naning as pennames. The common themes of his works were the values of education. He also wrote about how the Filipinos were oppressed by the foreigners and of the problems of his countrymen. Among his writings were: 29. 1. MGA ALAMAT NG BULACAN (Legend of Bulacan). Contains legends, and folklores of his native town. 2. PAGPUGOT KAY LONGINOS (The Beheading of Longinos). A play shown at the plaza of Malolos, Bulacan. 3. SOBRE FILIPINOS (About the Filipinos) 4. ANG MGA PILIPINO SA INDO-TSINA (The Filipinos in Indo-China) PEDRO PATERNO Pedro Paterno was a scholar, dramatic, researcher and novelist of the Propaganda Movement. 30. o He also joined the Confraternity of Masons and the Asociacion Hispano-Pilipino in order to further the aims of the Movement. He was the first Filipino writer who escaped censorship of the press during the last day of the Spanish colonization. o The following were a few of his wrtings: o o 1. NINAY. The first social novel in Spanish by a Filipino. o 2. A MI MADRE (To My Mother). Shows the importance of a mother especially in the home. o 3. SAMPAGUITA Y POESIAS VARIAS (Sampaguitas and Varied Poems). A collection of his poems. o o 31. JOSE MA. PANGANIBAN Jose Ma. Panganiban hid his identity behind his penname JORMAPA. He was also known for having photographic mind. He was a member of a number of movements for the country. Some of his writings were: 1. ANG LUPANG TINUBUAN (My Native Land) 2. ANG AKING BUHAY (My Life) 3. SU PLANO DE ESTUDIO (Your Study Plan) 4. EL PENSAMIENTO (The Thinking) 32. C. Period of Active Revolution (1896-1898) Historical Background The Filipinos did not get the reforms demanded by the propagandists. The government turned deaf ears to these petitions; oppression continued and the church and the government became even more oppressive to the Filipinos. The good intentions of Spain were reversed by the friars who were lording it over in the Philippines. Because of this, not a few of the Filipinos affiliated with the La Liga Filipina (a civic organization suspected of being revolutionary and which triggered Rizal's banishment to Dapitan). Like Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto, Apolinario Mabini, Jose Palma, and Pio Valenzuela decided that there was no other way except to revolt. 33. o The gist of literature contained mostly accusations against the government and was meant to arouse the people to unite and to prepare for independence. o D. Highlights of the Active Revolution o The noted leaders of this period were Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto and Apolinario Mabini. These are their contributions to our country. 34. ANDRES BONIFACIO Andres Bonifacio is best known as the Father of Filipino Democracy, but more than others, as the Father of the Katipunan because he led in establishing the Kataas-taasan, Kagalang-galanga Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK). Andres Bonifacio came from a poor family and it is said that what he learned he got from the school of experience. He was a voracious reader and among those he loved to read which aroused his revolutionary spirit were the NOLI and the FILI of Rizal. 35. o He joined the La Liga Filipina founded by Rizal in 1892. He established the Katipunan which triggered the spirit of freedom especially when Rizal was banished to Dapitan, Mindanao. o Bonifacio is better known as the great Revolutionary rather than a writer but he also wrote things which paved the way for the revolution and which also became part of our literature. Among his works were: 36. 1. ANG DAPAT MABATID NG MGA TAGALOG (What the Tagalogs Should Know) 2. KATUNGKULANG GAGAWIN NG MGA ANA NG BAYAN (Obligations of Our Countrymen). This is an outline of obligations just like the 10 commandments of God. 3. PAG-IBIG SA TINUBUAN LUPA (Love of One's Native Land). A poem with a title similar to that of Marcelo H. del Pilar. 4. HULING PAALAM (Last Farewell). A translation of Mi Ultimo Adios of Rizal in Tagalog. 37. o APOLINARIO MABINI o Apolinario Mabini is known in literature and history as the Sublime Paralytic and the Brains of the Revolution. o EMILIO JACINTO o Emilio Jacinto was the intelligent assistant of Andres Bonifacio in the establishment of the Katipuna. He is called the Brains of the Katipunan. He edited Kalayaan (Freedom) a Katipunan newspaper. Bonifacio withdrew his writing of the Kartilya in deference to Jacinto's work as secretary of the Katipunan. His Kartilya was the one followed by the members of the organization. Here are few of his writings: 38. 1. KARTILYA NG KATIPUNAN (A primer book on the Katipunan) 2. LIWANAG AT DILIM (Light and Darkness). A collection of essays on different subjects like freedom, work, faith, government, love of country. 3. A MI MADRE (To My Mother). A touching ode to his mother. 4. A LA PATRIA (To My Country). His masterpiece. 39. He was born in Talaga, Tanauan, Batangas on July 22, 1864. Because he was born of a poor family he had to work in order to study. He became known to his professors and classmates at Letran and the UST because of his sharp memory and the simple clothes he used to wear throughout his schooling. He became the right-hand of Emilio Aguinaldo when the latter founded his Republic in Malolos. His contributions to literature were writing on government society, philosophy and politics. Here are some of his works: 1. EL VERDADERO DECALOGO (The True Decalogue or Ten Commandments). This was his masterpiece and his aim here was to propagate the spirit of nationalism. 40. o 2. EL DESAROLLO Y CAIDA DE LA REPUBLICA (The Rise and Fall of the Philippine Republic) o 3. SA BAYANG PILIPINO (To the Filipino Nation) o 4. PAHAYAG (News) o OTHER REVOLUTIONISTS o JOSE PALMA o Jose Palma became popular because of his Himno Nacional Filipino (The Philippine National Anthem) which was set to music by Julian Felipe. 41. He was born in Tondo, Manila on June 6, 1876. His brother Rafael Palma became the president of the UP. He joined the revolution against the Americans together with Gregorio del Pilar, the youngest Filipino general who died during the revolution. Aside from the National Anthem, here are his other works: 1. MELANCOLIAS (Melancholies). A collection of his poems. 2. DE MI JARDIN (In My Garden). A poem expressing one's longings for his sweetheart. 42. NEWSPAPERS DURING THE REVOLUTION In the effort of the Revolutionists to spread to the world their longings for their country, many newspapers were put up during the Revolutionary period. They were: 1. HERALDO DE LA REVOLUCION. Printed the decrees of the Revolutiary Government, news and works in Tagalog that aroused nationalism. 2. LA INDEPENDENCIA (Independence). Edited by Antonio Luna and whose aim was for Philippine Independence. 3. LA REPUBLICA PILIPINA (The Philippine Republic). Established by Pedro Paterno in 1898. 4. LA LIBERTAD (Liberty). Edited by Clemente Zulueta. 43. o Exercises o 1. How does the filipino spirit reawaken after 300 years of passivity under spanish rule? o 2-3 Give 2 objectives of Propaganda Movement to seek reforms and changes. o 4. This is a sequel for the NOLI ME TANGERE o 5. Marcelo H. Del Pilar established the _______in 1882, where he expressed the evils of the spanish government in the Philippines o 6. This became the official voice of the Associacion Hispano de Filipinas 44. o 7. He is the Father of Filipino Democracy and the Father of the Katipunan o 8. He is the Brains of the Katipunan o 9. The Sublime Paralytic and the Brains of the Revolution o 10. He became popular because of his Himno Nacional Filipino (The Philippine National Anthem)


Accomplishments of Jose maria panganiban?

Early LifeJose Ma. Panganiban was born on 1 February 1863 in Mambulao, Camarines Norte, a town which was subsequently renamed after him. His parents were Vicente Panganiban, originally from Hagonoy, Bulacan, and Juana Enverga. He was schooled at home by his mother, a native of Mauban, Quezon, who taught him the "cartilla", "caton", and catechism. When his mother prematurely died, Jose Ma. Panganiban was sent to the capital town Daet to study. He was enrolled by his father in the diocesan seminary of Nueva Caceres, now Naga, Camarines Sur excelling and completing his philosophy course in 1882. He was sent to Manila to study at Colegio de San Juan de Letran and obtained a bachelors degree with the financial help of the clerical rector of the seminary, Fr. Santoja.Panganiban later studied medicine at the University of Santo Tomas. While at the University in 1887, he wrote Anatomia de Regines which was recognized as one of his brilliant literary works. His papers on general pathologgy, therapeutics and surgical anatomy was also awarded prizes. An anthology of his works was gathered by Fr. Gregorio Echevarria, rector of University of Santo Tomas, and sent to be exhibited at the 1887 Exposicion General de Filipinas in Madrid.Activities for the Propaganda MovementIn May 1888 Jose Ma. Panganiban continued his studies at the University of Barcelona, Spain, where he met other Filipino propagandists agitating for reforms in the colony. He joined reformist groups such as the Asociacion Hispano-Filipina and La Solidaridad because he believed in instituting reforms in the Philippines, and used the pen names "Jomapa" and "J.M.P." On 25 April 1889 Panganiban signed a petition addressed to the Spanish Minister of Colonies, requesting Filipino representation in the Spanish Cortes.Being one of the writers of the La Solidaridad, he called the attention of the Spaniards on the freedom of the press and criticized the educational system in the Philippines. His works were recognized by Jose Rizal who even said "He was a true orator, of easy and energetic words, vigorous in concepts and of practical and transcedental ideas". Among the articles he published were "El Pensamiento", "La Universidad de Manila: Su Plan de Estudio", and "Los Nuevos Ayuntamientos de Filipinas". He continued to write popems and short stories, including "Ang Lupang Tinubuan", "Noches en Mambulao", "Sa Aking buhay", "Bahia de Mambulao", "La Mejerde Oro", "Amor mio", "Clarita Perez" and "Kandeng".Panganiban contracted tuberculosis and apologized to Rizal that he couldn't help further in the movement. He confided in Rizal that, "If I only have the strength I had before, I will work with you unto the bitter end". He died of a pulmunary ailment in Barcelona on 19 August 1890 at his boarding house at Rambla de Canaletas 2.Jose Rizal eulogized Panganiban as an "excellent companion of labor and difficulty... endowed with uncommon talent, with privileged intelligence, and with indefatigable industry, (he) was one of the sacred, legitimate hopes of his unfortunate country.... What should be grieved iat is the thought that he died without finishing the noble mission which his exceptional faculties had destined for him."LegacyThe town of Mambulao, Camarines Norte was renamed after its great son by Act No. 4155 issued on 1 December 1934. The historian Domingo Abella located Panganiban's remain in a Barcelona cemetery and brought them back to the Philippines. See AlsoJose Panganiban's MonumentThis history article about the Philippines is a stub. You can help WikiPilipinas by expanding it.ReferenceQuirino, Carlos. Who's Who in Philippine History. Manila: Tahanan Books, 1995.Manuel, E. Arsenio. Dictionary of Philippine Biography Volume 1. QC. Filipinos, 1955.Zaide, Gregorio F. Great Filipinos in History. Manila: Verde Bookstore, 1970.National Historical Institute biography of Jose Ma. Panganiban Accessed 5 September 2009Ponce, Mariano "Jose Maria Panganiban y Enverga." La Solidaridad, Sept 30 1890.Citation


Mga Halimbawa ng TUGMANG- BAYAN?

Mayroon akong halimbawa... 1.Ako'y naglalakad papuntang Kalumpit, Ako'y nakarinig ng huni ng pipit, Ang wika sa akin, ako raw ay umawit, Ang aawitin ko'y buhay na matahimik. 2.Ako'y naglalakad sa dakong Malabon, Ako'y nakakita isang balong hipon, Ang ginawa ko po ay aking nilusong, Kaya't lahat-lahat ng hipon, nagsitalon. 3.Ako'y naglalakad sa dakong Arayat, Nakapulot ako ng tablang malapad, Ito'y ginawa kong 'sang kabayong payat, Agad kong sinakyan, ito'y kumaripas. 4.Ako'y naglalakad sa dakong Bulacan, Nahuli kong hayop, niknik ang pangalan, Aking iniuwi at aking kinatay, Ang nakuhang langis, siyam na tapayan. 5.Ako'y naglalakad sa dako ng Tondo, Ako'y nakasalubong 'sang tropang sundalo, Inurung-urungan ko bago ko pinuwego, Pung! Pung!... walang natira kundi isang kabo. 6.Ako si Don Pepe Tubo sa Manggahan Hindi natatakot Sa baril-barilan; Kaya lamang natakot Sa talim ng gulok Pagsubo ng kanin Tuluy-tuloy lagok. maraming salamat!


Talambuhay ni dr.jose rizal?

Si Dr. José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda(Hunyo 19, 1861-Disyembre 30, 1896) ay ang pampito sa labing-isang anak ng mag-asawang Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado y Alejandro at ng asawa nitong si Teodora Morales Alonzo Realonda y Quintos. Ipinanganak si José Rizal sa Calamba, Laguna. Sina Saturnina, Paciano, Narcissa, Olimpia, Lucia, Maria, Jose, Concepcion, Josefa, Trinidad at Soledad ang kanyang mga kapatid.Ang ina ni Rizal ay siyang kaniyang unang guro at nagturo sa kaniya ng abakada noong siya ay tatlong taon pa lamang. Noong siya naman ay tumuntong ng siyam na taon, pinadala siya sa Biñan, Laguna upang mag-aral sa ilalim ng pamamatnubay ni Justiano Aquino Cruz. Ilang buwan ang nakalipas, pinayuhan niya ang magulang ni Rizal na pag-aralin siya sa Maynila.Ang Ateneo Municipal de Manila ang unang paaralan sa Maynila na kaniyang pinasukan noong ikadalawa ng Enero 1872. Ayon sa isang salin ng Noli me tangere ni Guzman atbp., sa kaniyang pananatili sa paaralang ito, natanggap niya ang lahat ng mga pangunahing medalya at notang sobresaliente sa lahat ng aklat. Sa paaralan ding ito niya natanggap ang kaniyang Batsilyer sa Sining na may notang sobresalyente kalakip ang pinakamataas na karangalan.Nang sumunod na taon, siya ay kumuha ng Pilosopiya at Panitikan sa Pamantasan ng Santo Tomas. Sa Ateneo, kasabay niyang kinuha ang agham ng Pagsasaka. Pagkaraan, kinuha niya ang kursong panggagamot sa nasabing Pamantasan (Santo Tomas) pagkatapos mabatid na ang kaniyang ina ay tinubuan ng katarata. Noong Mayo 5, 1882, nang dahil sa Hindi na niya matanggap ang tagibang at mapansuring pakikitungo ng mga paring Kastila sa mga katutubong mag-aaral, nagtungo siya sa Espanya. Doo'y pumasok siya sa Universidad Central de Madrid, kung saan, sa ikalawang taon ay natapos niya ang karerang Medisina, bilang "sobresaliente" (napakahusay). Nang sumunod na taon, nakamit niya ang titulo sa Pilosopiya-at-Titik. Naglakbay siya sa Pransya at nagpakadalubhasa sa paggamot ng sakit sa mata sa isang klinika roon. Pagkatapos ay tumungo siya sa Heidelberg, Alemanya, kung saan natamo pa ang isang titulo.Sa taon din ng kaniyang pagtatapos ng Medisina, siya ay nag-aral ng wikang Ingles, bilang karagdagan sa mga wikang kaniya nang nalalaman gaya ng Pranses. Isang dalubwika si Rizal na nakaaalam ng Arabe, Katalan, Tsino, Inggles, Pranses, Aleman, Griyego, Ebreo, Italyano, Hapon, Latin, Portuges, Ruso, Sanskrit, Espanyol, Tagalog, at iba pang mga katutubong wika ng Pilipinas.


Talambuhay ni Jose protacio realonda y mercado rizal?

Si Dr. José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (Hunyo 19, 1861-Disyembre 30, 1896) ay ang pampito sa labing-isang anak ng mag-asawang Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado y Alejandro at ng asawa nitong si Teodora Morales Alonzo Realonda y Quintos. Ipinanganak si José Rizal sa Calamba, Laguna. Sina Saturnina, Paciano, Narcissa, Olimpia, Lucia, Maria, Jose, Concepcion, Josefa, Trinidad at Soledad ang kanyang mga kapatid.Ang ina ni Rizal ay siyang kaniyang unang guro at nagturo sa kaniya ng abakada noong siya ay tatlong taon pa lamang. Noong siya naman ay tumuntong ng siyam na taon, pinadala siya sa Biñan, Laguna upang mag-aral sa ilalim ng pamamatnubay ni Justiano Aquino Cruz. Ilang buwan ang nakalipas, pinayuhan niya ang magulang ni Rizal na pag-aralin siya sa Maynila.Ang Ateneo Municipal de Manila ang unang paaralan sa Maynila na kaniyang pinasukan noong ikadalawa ng Enero 1872. Ayon sa isang salin ng Noli me tangere ni Guzman atbp., sa kaniyang pananatili sa paaralang ito, natanggap niya ang lahat ng mga pangunahing medalya at notang sobresaliente sa lahat ng aklat. Sa paaralan ding ito niya natanggap ang kaniyang Batsilyer sa Sining na may notang sobresalyente kalakip ang pinakamataas na karangalan.Nang sumunod na taon, siya ay kumuha ng Pilosopiya at Panitikan sa Pamantasan ng Santo Tomas. Sa Ateneo, kasabay niyang kinuha ang agham ng Pagsasaka. Pagkaraan, kinuha niya ang kursong panggagamot sa nasabing Pamantasan (Santo Tomas) pagkatapos mabatid na ang kaniyang ina ay tinubuan ng katarata. Noong Mayo 5, 1882, nang dahil sa Hindi na niya matanggap ang tagibang at mapansuring pakikitungo ng mga paring Kastila sa mga katutubong mag-aaral, nagtungo siya sa Espanya. Doo'y pumasok siya sa Universidad Central de Madrid, kung saan, sa ikalawang taon ay natapos niya ang karerang Medisina, bilang "sobresaliente" (napakahusay). Nang sumunod na taon, nakamit niya ang titulo sa Pilosopiya-at-Titik. Naglakbay siya sa Pransya at nagpakadalubhasa sa paggamot ng sakit sa mata sa isang klinika roon. Pagkatapos ay tumungo siya sa Heidelberg, Alemanya, kung saan natamo pa ang isang titulo.Sa taon din ng kaniyang pagtatapos ng Medisina, siya ay nag-aral ng wikang Ingles, bilang karagdagan sa mga wikang kaniya nang nalalaman gaya ng Pranses. Isang dalubwika si Rizal na nakaaalam ng Arabe, Katalan, Tsino, Inggles, Pranses, Aleman, Griyego, Ebreo, Italyano, Hapon, Latin, Portuges, Ruso, Sanskrit, Espanyol, Tagalog, at iba pang mga katutubong wika ng Pilipinas.


Buod ng buhay ni Jose Rizal?

Si Dr. Jose Protasio Rizal (Ika-19 ng Hunyo 1861-Ika-30 ng Disyembre 1896) ay ang pampito sa labing-isang anak ng mag-asawang Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado y Alejandro at ng asawa nitong si Teodora Morales Alonzo Realonda y Quintos. Ipinanganak si Jose Rizal sa Calamba, Laguna. Sina Saturnina, Paciano, Narcissa, Olimpia, Lucia, Maria, Jose, Concepcion, Josefa, Trinidad at Soledad ang mga anak Nina Francisco at Teodora.Ang ina ni Rizal ay siyang kaniyang unang guro at nagturo sa kaniya ng abakada noong siya ay tatlong taon pa lamang. Noong siya naman ay tumuntong ng siyam na taon, pinadala siya sa Biñan, Laguna upang mag-aral sa ilalim ng pamamatnubay ni Justiano Aquino Cruz. Ilang buwan ang nakalipas, pinayuhan niya ang magulang ni Rizal na pag-aralin siya sa Maynila.Ang Ateneo Municipal de Manila ang unang paaralan sa Maynila na kaniyang pinasukan noong ikadalawa ng Enero 1872.Sa kaniyang pananatili sa paaralang ito, natanggap niya ang lahat ng mga pangunahing medalya at notang sobresaliente sa lahat ng aklat. Sa paaralan ding ito niya natanggap ang kaniyang Batsilyer sa Sining na may notang sobresalyente kalakip ang pinakamataas na karangalan.Nang sumunod na taon, siya ay kumuha ng Pilosopiya at Panitikan sa Pamantasan ng Santo Tomas. Sa Ateneo, kasabay niyang kinuha ang agham ng Pagsasaka. Pagkaraan, kinuha niya ang kursong panggagamot sa nasabing Pamantasan (Santo Tomas) pagkatapos mabatid na ang kaniyang ina ay tinubuan ng katarata. Noong ika-5 ng 1882, nang dahil sa Hindi na niya matanggap ang tagibang at mapansuring pakikitungo ng mga paring Kastila sa mga katutubong mag-aaral, nagtungo siya sa Espanya. Doo'y pumasok siya sa Universidad Central de Madrid, kung saan, sa ikalawang taon ay natapos niya ang karerang Medisina, bilang "sobresaliente" (napakahusay). Nang sumunod na taon, nakamit niya ang titulo sa Pilosopiya-at-Titik. Naglakbay siya sa Pransya at nagpakadalubhasa sa paggamot ng sakit sa mata sa isang klinika roon. Pagkatapos ay tumungo siya sa Heidelberg, Alemanya, kung saan natamo pa ang isang titulo.Sa taon din ng kaniyang pagtatapos ng Medisina, siya ay nag-aral ng wikang Ingles, bilang karagdagan sa mga wikang kaniya nang nalalaman gaya ng Pranses. Isang dalubwika si Rizal na nakaaalam ng Arabe, Katalan, Tsino, Inggles, Pranses, Aleman, Griyego, Ebreo, Italyano, Hapon, Latin, Portuges, Ruso, Sanskrit, Espanyol, Tagalog, at iba pang mga katutubong wika ng Pilipinas. naging tanyag siya sa pilipinas dahil sa mga nobelang kanyang isinulat tulad ng el filibusterismo at noli me tangere na nagpalakas ng loob sa mga katipunero at naging sanhi ng pagpapapatay sa kanya. sa luneta kaya sya binarel ....