Buddhism has a history of twenty-five hundred years since it was founded by Gautama Buddha. It has been divided into many sects and denominations. Many different ideas and thoughts have been developed and it has become an all-inclusive system of human thought. It has also become so complicated that its true meaning has not been properly understood. Generally speaking, each sect has taken a favorable part of it for the sake of its own particular denominational purposes. Many texts were written in Sanskrit, Pali, Chinese and Japanese following the same dogmatic aim. Recently, many European scholars have studied Buddhism in India and China, but they have neglected the development of Buddhism in Japan which is a stronghold of present-day Buddhism. Many books concerning Japanese Buddhism have been written only for the sake of particular sects. As far as I know, English books explain Buddhism only from a certain angle and lack a complete view of it as a whole. It is the purpose of this work to show that Buddhism is a system of all-comprehensive human thought and that human thinking has been logically and consistently developed in Buddhism. August Comte once claimed that human knowledge has developed from religion to science through philosophy. As far as my experience is concerned, the reverse is true. Buddhist thought may be considered to have followed this order of human thinking; from the scientific form to the religious through the philosophic. The ultimate end of Buddhism is perfect self-realization, enlightenment. For the attainment of this purpose two basic principles are to be recognized. Firstly, the individual self must be negated. Secondly, the universal self and the oneness of all life must be affirmed. According to the scientific form of Buddhism, the individual self has no independent existence. Self exists in mutual relationship to all things, to the totality of all things and to the oneness of all life. Self-realization is achieved through the mutual understanding of the nothingness of all selves. According to philosophic Buddhism, all antagonistic selves are caused by the illusion of ignorance, and the Buddha is immanent in all things, thereby establishing the oneness of all things. Self-realization is attained through the wisdom of self-effort. According to religious Buddhism, the individual self is limited and ignorant by nature as long as it remains as an individual existence. The oneness of all life is realized only through the union of the individual self with Amida Buddha through faith. Self is ever perfectible, but it cannot be perfectly realized in this world. Self is perfectly realized only in the Pure Land through the aid of Amida Buddha. hope it can help....
Shinto, also known as kami-no-michi, is a religion which originated in Japan. Classified as an East Asian religion by scholars of religion, its practitioners often regard it as Japan's indigenous religion and as a nature religion. Scholars sometimes call its practitioners Shintoists, although adherents rarely use that term themselves.
Ang Shinto, na kilala rin bilang kami-no-Michi, ay isang relihiyon na nagmula sa Japan. Inuri bilang isang relihiyon sa Silangang Asya ng mga iskolar ng relihiyon, madalas itong isinasaalang-alang ng mga ito bilang katutubong relihiyon ng Japan at bilang isang likas na relihiyon. Tinatawag minsan ng mga iskolar na ang mga nagsasanay nito ay Shintoists, bagaman bihirang gamitin ng mga tagasunod ang terminong iyon mismo.
ang shintoismo ay ang paniniwala ng mga hapones na sila
ay ank o inapo ng diyos nilang sina
izanagi at izanami
ano ang relihiyon?
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